How can we speak about something that can’t be explained through words?
That’s the essence of Tao or Dao. Nevertheless, let’s use our linguistic skills to somehow try to put this way of living into speech, in order to satisfy the mind.
We could say that Tao or Dao is the flow of the universe, the force behind the natural unfolding of life. It’s an ongoing cycle of evolution and transformation.
The key principles of Tao are:
1 – Oneness
Separateness is an illusion. All that exists in the universe is connected, interdependent and balanced as a whole.
2 – Dynamic Balance
Two (apparent) opposites (Yin and Yang) form a whole. They work in motion and balance forming one.
3 – Being the Observer
The role of the human being is to be the observer of nature to understand the cycle of life and become one with it.
4 – Harmony
Harmony – or complete balance – is the natural state of the universe.
These principles are helpful when talking about Wu Wei. Wu Wei, described by Alan Watts as effortless effort, means being one with the rhythm of life. The universe works harmoniously according to its own ways, so no effort is required, simply living in harmony with this oneness, understanding that one thing is, in fact, every thing.
The human being is called to be in a state of receptiveness or pure awareness, keeping himself in the primordial state, free from experiences and knowledge, simply being one with the now. Basically, being free from the processes of the mind which is why any attempt to explain what Tao is with words comes from the mind 🙂